Take the Saints Trivia Quiz now! Imagine that your biography was written by an enemy of yours. And that its information was all anyone would have not only for the rest of your life but for centuries to come. You would never be able to refute it — and even if you couldno one would believe you because your accuser was a saint. That is the problem we face with Pope Callistus I who died about The only story of his life we have is from someone who hated him and what he stood for, an author identified as Saint Hippolytus, a rival candidate for the chair of Peter.
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January 18, iStock The word thesaurus literally means “repository” or “storehouse,” and it ultimately comes from the same root as the word treasure. There’s certainly some treasure to be unearthed in one, so in honor of Thesaurus Day, here are 25 smart-sounding synonyms to reboot your vocabulary. Thanks to the foul language of the people who worked there, the name eventually became synonymous with all coarse or abusive language.
An embranglement, likewise, is a tricky, confusing situation. It might only be a febricula that’s a light or passing fever , but nevertheless, you might need a febrifuge a drug that lowers your temperature.
Letter to [Charles II, King of Great Britain:] most humble proposals on behalf of the Indian Kings [and Queens] within your Colony of Virginia asks for “small crowns or coronets” to be made for the Kings and Queens of silver “and adorned with false stones of various colours,” and “each a .
The opinions expressed in the comment section are the personal views of the commenters. Comments are moderated, so please keep it civil. I have hearing difficulty and this is makes it difficult to hear the letters such as hard c sounds. Thanks for all the help, I am finally learning Hebrew in my 70’s Laurin, July 16, 4: Kuf sofit is pronounced K. A, August 18, 2: Y’Didyah, March 24,
What is Alphabet Dating?
See Article History Phoenician alphabet, writing system that developed out of the North Semitic alphabet and was spread over the Mediterranean area by Phoenician traders. It is the probable ancestor of the Greek alphabet and, hence, of all Western alphabets. The earliest Phoenician inscription that has survived is the Ahiram epitaph at Byblos in Phoenicia , dating from the 11th century bc and written in the North Semitic alphabet.
The Phoenician alphabet gradually developed from this North Semitic prototype and was in use until about the 1st century bc in Phoenicia proper.
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With time, it became apparent that this classification scheme was much too simple. A fourth category, known as spontaneous fission, also had to be added to describe the process by which certain radioactive nuclides decompose into fragments of different weight. Alpha decay is usually restricted to the heavier elements in the periodic table. Only a handful of nuclides with atomic numbers less than 83 emit an -particle.
The product of -decay is easy to predict if we assume that both mass and charge are conserved in nuclear reactions. Alpha decay of the U “parent” nuclide, for example, produces Th as the “daughter” nuclide. There are three different modes of beta decay: When this happens, the charge on the nucleus increases by one. Once again the sum of the mass numbers of the products is equal to the mass number of the parent nuclide and the sum of the charge on the products is equal to the charge on the parent nuclide.
St. Callistus I
The Latin Alphabet The Latin alphabet of 23 letters was derived in the ‘s BC from the Etruscan alphabet of 26 letters, which was in turn derived from the archaic Greek alphabet, which came from the Phoenician. The letters J, U, and W of the modern alphabet were added in medieval times, and did not appear in the classical alphabet, except that J and U could be alternative forms for I and V. A comparison of the Greek and Latin alphabets shows the close relation between the two.
Green letters are those introduced later, after the alphabets had been adopted, and red letters are those that were eliminated from the archaic alphabet. The digamma, which represented a ‘w’ sound in Greek was adopted for the different Latin sound ‘f’ that did not occur in Greek. The gamma was written C in Etruscan, and represented both the hard ‘g’ and ‘k’ sounds in Latin, which was confusing.
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Use in the Armed Forces You may have noticed that many english letters sound similar. For most of us, this sort of error might cause a mislabeled package shipment or a misspelled dinner invitation. However, for a soldier or fighter pilot, a misheard command or radio signal can mean life or death. Therefore, radio operators in the armed services often rely on the military alphabet when sending codes or relaying important information.
This ensures clear communication, regardless of background noise or radio interference. Some popular expressions include: Use Outside the Military Military alphabet has also proven a very useful tool in civilian life. Here are just a few examples: This is to avoid confusion with Delta Airlines. This is sometimes known as the Aviation Alphabet.
The Police Alphabet Banks, traders and financial institutions often use the military alphabet when ordering large transactions over the phone Is Military Alphabet a Phonetic Alphabet? This is technically not accurate. A phonetic alphabets aids in the pronunciation of words. Then, in , Nato and the US introduced a common system, which still remains in use.
Saints A to Z: C
Yiddish was the language of Ashkenazic Jews, but not Sephardic Jews Yiddish is based on German, Hebrew and other languages Yiddish uses an alphabet based on Hebrew There are standards for transliterating Yiddish Yiddish was criticized as a barrier to assimilation Yiddish developed rich literature, theater and music S’iz shver tsu zayn a Yid It’s tough to be a Jew – Yiddish folk saying [Yiddish] A hybrid of Hebrew and medieval German, Yiddish takes about three-quarters of its vocabulary from German, but borrows words liberally from Hebrew and many other languages from the many lands where Ashkenazic Jews have lived.
It has a grammatical structure all its own, and is written in an alphabet based on Hebrew characters. Scholars and universities classify Yiddish as a Germanic language, though some have questioned that classification. They had their own international language known as Ladino or Judesmo, which is a hybrid of medieval Spanish and Hebrew in much the same way that Yiddish combines German and Hebrew. At its height less than a century ago, Yiddish was understood by an estimated 11 million of the world’s 18 million Jews, and many of them spoke Yiddish as their primary language.
Phoenician Alphabet, Mother of Modern Writing ; Phoenician script was the alphabet used for transliterating the Holy Bible in Hebrew.; Evolution of Phoenician into Latin/Western scripts and Arabic/Eastern scripts.
Greek diacritics In the polytonic orthography traditionally used for ancient Greek, the stressed vowel of each word carries one of three accent marks: These signs were originally designed to mark different forms of the phonological pitch accent in Ancient Greek. By the time their use became conventional and obligatory in Greek writing, in late antiquity, pitch accent was evolving into a single stress accent , and thus the three signs have not corresponded to a phonological distinction in actual speech ever since.
In addition to the accent marks, every word-initial vowel must carry either of two so-called “breathing marks”: This system of diacritics was first developed by the scholar Aristophanes of Byzantium c. It uses only a single accent mark, the acute also known in this context as tonos, i. The polytonic system is still conventionally used for writing Ancient Greek, while in some book printing and generally in the usage of conservative writers it can still also be found in use for Modern Greek.
Romanization of Greek There are many different methods of rendering Greek text or Greek names in the Latin script.
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Of all the accomplishments of the ancient Middle East, the invention of the alphabet is probably the greatest. While pre-alphabetic systems of writing in the Old World became steadily more phonetic, they were still exceedingly cumbersome, and the syllabic systems that gradually replaced them… Theories of the origin of the alphabet The evolution of the alphabet involved two important achievements.
The first was the step taken by a group of Semitic-speaking people, perhaps the Phoenicians, on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean between and bce. This was the invention of a consonantal writing system known as North Semitic. The second was the invention, by the Greeks, of characters for representing vowels.
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Dipylon jug, Lefkandi Pithekoussai Greek. Das Buch der Schrift. Imprimerie Nationale de France. The universal history of numbers: The antiquity of the Greek alphabet and the early Phoenician scripts. Homer and the origin of the Greek alphabet.
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For over a century, the company has prided itself on its high-quality, American-made pottery. If you own or plan to purchase a piece of Homer Laughlin pottery, you can date the piece by utilizing the date guidelines established by the company. Locate any numbers, letters or trademark stamps on the bottom of the pottery or china. If you have an older piece, you may need to carefully clean the pottery to be able to inspect the information relating to dating.
High fashion designer c. ‘s, whose name was evidently used on some cosutme jewelry pieces. This mark was found on a brooch. CELEBRATING THE MILLENNIUM TWO THOUSAND YEARS – see Klitzner Industries, Inc.
See Article History Alphabet, set of graphs, or characters, used to represent the phonemic structure of a language. In most alphabets the characters are arranged in a definite order, or sequence e. Nick Michael In the usual case, each alphabetic character represents either a consonant or a vowel rather than a syllable or a group of consonants and vowels. As a result, the number of characters required can be held to a relative few. A language that has 30 consonant sounds and five vowels, for example, needs at most only 35 separate letters.
Both syllabaries and alphabets are phonographic symbolizations; that is, they represent the sounds of words rather than units of meaning.